Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that deals with supporting and investing structures of the teeth : gum, bone, etc.

While good oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist make for healthy gums, no one is immune to gum disease.

Below are a few simple tips to prevent disease in the structures surrounding the tooth:

Have regular dental cleanings and check-ups (at least once a year).
Brush your teeth daily.
Floss daily.
Eat healthily.
Avoid smoking, which presents a high risk factor for numerous oral diseases.

Most commom periodontal diseases

Gingivitis (gum disease)

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused by the accumulation of dental plaque (bacteria) and tartar (hardened plaque) on the teeth. Gum disease is reversible with good oral health practices at home and preventive care at the dentist’s office.

The following signs and symptoms can be indications of gum disease:

  • The gum is red, swollen and smooth.
  • The gums, which may or may not be painful, bleed easily or spontaneously during brushing or flossing.


Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease affecting the bone that supports the teeth. This disease is caused by the accumulation over a long period of dental plaque (bacteria) and tartar (hardened plaque) on the teeth and under the gumline, causing the bone surrounding the tooth to deteriorate.

When periodontitis reaches an advanced stage, bone loss around the tooth is so severe that the tooth becomes loose and falls out. Periodontitis is the main cause of adult tooth loss. As people age, the risk becomes correspondingly greater.

Periodontitis is irreversible, since bone does not regenerate. All the same, there are a number of treatments that can help. Regular dental cleanings and check-ups are essential to detecting and treating the disease at an early stage.

The following signs and symptoms can be indications of periodontitis:

  • Bleeding during brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth (receding gums around the tooth)
  • Tooth mobility

If you think you might be suffering from periodontitis, make an appointment today with a Lapointe Dental Centre professional.